[:en]Soaring e-commerce boosts logistics sector[:zh]飞涨电子商务助力物流业

[:en]Asia Pacific’s logistics industry booming on the back of soaring e-commerce, reports CBRE.

Another key driver is the increasing expansion of organised retail and chain stores across the region. Private consumption is on the increase and there are growing middle-class populations in many countries in APAC. This is driving a continued trend for the development of well-organised shopping malls to support retailer expansion in APAC, including the build-out of store networks and the set-up of supply chains. This is especially true in under-represented developing markets such as China, India, and Southeast Asia, CBRE explains.

APAC will have an extra 307 million urban residents in 2020, which will have a significant impact. Looking forward, CBRE sees China as the key growth market in APAC, since it has the most compelling prospects for urbanised market growth over the next 10 years and strong potential for development in lower-tier cities. 

Other markets have significant potential. For example, organised retail accounts for two per cent and four per cent of total retail in India and Vietnam, respectively, compared with 84 per cent in the US, although government regulations could limit growth.

Another trend is growing online user bases and sales volumes of e-commerce across APAC. Online user bases are expected to increase drastically in the coming years, with an estimated 346 million extra online users in the APAC region by 2020. 

Between 2013 and 2020, the largest percentage increases in user bases are expected in India (59.4 per cent or 101 million new users) and Indonesia (56.3 per cent or 22.3 million), while China is expected to add 156 million new users in the same time period. 

China and Japan, the largest markets by sales turnover, have seen a marked increase in modern logistics facilities, while potentially high-growth emerging markets such as India and Southeast Asia remain undersupplied.

More dependency on third-party logistics (3PL) will also boost logistics companies, CBRE says. With rising demand for organised retail and growth of e-commerce, demand from 3PL providers will also rise. The need for delivery efficiency, inventory management, and freight-forwarding is driving the need for experienced logistics operators in the region, leading to greater outsourcing to logistics service providers.

Traditionally in APAC, companies across a wide variety of sectors handled their product logistics in-house, preferring to own their own warehouses and keep control of their delivery and coordination functions. 

But as business process outsourcing has taken hold in recent years, companies have looked to 3PLs to provide logistics and delivery services, thus allowing them to concentrate on their core business functions and free up capital by divesting their warehouse investments.

[:zh]

世邦魏理仕报告亚太地区物流行业电子商务蓬勃发展的背后

另一个关键因素是,有组织有计划的零售连锁店在该地区日益扩大发展。私人消费正在增加,亚太地区也不断增长来自各国的中产阶级消费人群。这是一个推动持续并组织良好购物商场的发展趋势,支持零售商在亚太地区扩张,其中包括扩建网络商店和设置供应链。

世邦魏理仕解释道,这是一个特别真实的,代表性不足的发展中市场,如中国,印度和东南亚。

2020年,亚太地区将会有额外3.07亿的城镇居民,这将产生重要的影响。展望未来,世邦威理仕认为,中国作为亚太地区的主要增长市场,因为在未来的十年,在二三线城市中,它具有强劲的发展潜力是最引人注目的。


当然其他的市场也有这显著的潜力。例如,在印度和越南,有组织的零售占零售总额的2%和4%,分别为零售总额的百分之一,而美国占了总额的84%,尽管政府的法规可能限制了经济的增长。

另一个日益增长的趋势是亚太地区的在线用户群以及电子商务销售量。在线用户群预计在未来的几年里大幅增加,2020年,亚太地区估计有3.46亿名在线用户。

在2013年至2020年之间,最大的百分比增加用户群预计在印度(59.4%或1.01亿新用户)和印度尼西亚(56.3%或2230万),而砸同一时间,中国预计将增加1.56亿新增用户。

中国和日本是营业额最大的市场,现代物流设施明显增加,而潜在的高增长的新兴市场在印度和东南亚仍然供不应求。

世邦魏理仕说,更依赖第三方物流(3pl),它也将推动物流公司。与有组织的零售和电子商务的增长需求上升,从而第三方物流提供商的需求也将上升。需要发货效率,库存管理和货运代理正推动该地区经验丰富的物流运营商。导致更大的业务外包给物流服务供应商。

传统的亚太地区,跨多种行业的公司处理他们的产品物流内部处理,更希望拥有自己的仓库,并且保持他们发货和协调功能控制。

但近年来随着业务流程外包,公司向第三方物流企业提供物流和发货服务,从而使他们他们可以腾出资金专注于他们的核心业务职能,减去为仓库投入资金。

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