South Korea’s K-pop merchandise market is booming, reaching KRW 150 billion (US$132 million) last year.
Led by the recent global fame of BTS, K-pop’s popularity has expanded far and wide, and a growing number of fans are enthusiastically spend their time and money collecting even the smallest souvenirs that remind them of their favorite pop stars.
Mugs, notebooks, pens, bags, T-shirts, tumblers and slippers with photos of BTS, EXO, Blackpink, Twice and the like all stir K-pop fans’ desire to be closer to the performers they like the most.
“I spent more than 1 million won ($881) buying BTS merchandise last year,” one BTS fan told Yonhap, requesting anonymity. “Sometimes even I think it’s a bit excessive, but it’s one of my big hobbies.”
According to the latest data from the Korea Creative Content Agency (KCCA), the total sales of the South Korean music industry reached 2.87 trillion won in the first half of last year, up 9.2 per cent from a year earlier.
K-pop merchandise sales of 150 billion won last year alone includes privately created items and pirated goods.
“Fans with huge loyalty to their singers buy albums and goods together. Many of them create unofficial goods too,” said Sung Mi-kyoung, a senior researcher at the KCCA. “The idol culture started to explode in the latter half of 2017 on the back of the rising global popularity of BTS. Estimates of 150 billion won in sales are not groundless.”
She said the three leading music labels — SM Entertainment, JYP Entertainment Corp. and YG Entertainment Inc. — have already acknowledged the potential of the goods market and started to rack up revenues there.
According to their regulatory filings, the three listed companies’ combined sales of albums and digital music content reached 76.69 billion won in the first half of 2018.
And they posted a combined 105.44 trillion won in sales from K-pop merchandise, royalties and other fees over the cited period.
YG alone earned 76.91 billion won in royalties and brand-related sales as the company runs fashion and cosmetics subsidiaries using artist brands like Big Bang, iKon and Blackpink.
SM, which manages Exo, Shinee and Super Junior, runs its official merchandise shops SUM Market and SMTown Gift shop in southern Seoul, selling collaborative products combined with its artists’ brands.
“It has been a minor culture among young fans of K-pop,” said Sung. “But from now on, its huge potential will attract the entire entertainment industry to focus on this market.”
She said 50 per cent of South Korean teenagers have bought a K-pop item at least once.
“These young teens who are very willing and familiar with spending money on goods related to their idols will grow up and have greater purchasing power when they become 30-somethings or 40-somethings.”
Against this backdrop, the K-pop market is broadening into a comprehensive content industry linked with performance, fashion, food, tourism and even manufacturing.
Tens of money-making goods and events can be derived from a picture of a K-pop singer, she noted.
“People do not only consume music to listen to but also enjoy such entertainment in other forms. The music industry now comes with concerts, merchandise and intellectual property,” the KCCA expert said. “I hope the public sector will fine-tune the legal issues involving intellectual rights to level the playing field and foster the content industry further.”
- Original reporting from Yonhap, via Korea Bizwire.
- Image: by Korean Culture and Information Service. This file photo shows people shopping for BTS-related merchandise at a Line Friends store in Hongdae, west of Seoul.